Invisalign clear aligners are a great option to correct smiles without the drawbacks of traditional braces: but how do they actually work? If you are considering Invisalign as a treatment option for yourself or a family member, find out below!
First things first: All types of orthodontic treatment work by using force to move teeth into different positions. Traditional braces work by applying force to each individual tooth which allows them to shift independently of each other. The wires and braces help guide the teeth into alignment through the wire, which applies most of the pressure. At the same time, elastics can be used on traditional braces in order to pull the bite into alignment. This helps correct malocclusions such as overbites and underbites.
Rather than applying force to each individual tooth, Invisalign aligners work by applying force as a whole to the teeth. Each Invisalign treatment plan consists of multiple aligner trays that are designed by your Victoria BC orthodontist to move different teeth at each stage of your treatment. One tray will move your teeth an average of 1/10 of a millimeter, which will help move your teeth into the precisely correct place. Each tray will apply pressure in different areas to move your teeth into the next phase until your smile is fully corrected.
So how does applying pressure to your teeth cause them to move? The answer is: it’s physics! While your Invisalign aligners apply force to your teeth, there is an opposite reaction happening within your jawbone. This opposite reaction is known as osteoclastic activity and osteoblastic activity. While osteoclastic activity is the process of breaking down the bone (which leaves room for your teeth to move), osteoblastic activity is the process of building up bone to fill in the gap left by the shifting tooth. This give and take process is how your Invisalign aligners are able to move and shift teeth.
The interesting thing about osteoclastic activity is that is takes 48-72 hours to begin fully, but only around 4 hours to stop. This means that it is very important to wear your aligners for as long as you can – and preferably for at least 22 hours a day. If you fail to do this, your treatment could be extended and it will take longer for you to achieve your healthy new smile. Now that you know how Invisalign works to create healthy smiles, are you ready to chat about how it can work for your? Contact us to book your consultation today!